Amur Leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis


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Quick Facts
Height: 18 to 31 inches
Weight: Males: 60 to 165 pounds; females: 50 to 95 pounds
Distribution: Primorye, southwestern region of Russian (IUCN indicates possible extinction in China and on Korean Peninsula)
Habitat: Temperate forest with cold winters and hot summers
Wild Diet: Small mammals, musk deer, sika deer, roe deer; occasionally wild boar and elk; some birds and invertebrates, as well as domestic livestock
Zoo Diet: Nebraska meat products, pork, bones, chunk horse meat, liver, and small carcasses

Amur leopards are sexually dimorphic (with two distinct gender forms). Males are slightly larger than females. Their long, thick fur is light in the winter and reddish-yellow in the summer. Large, dark spots form rosettes on their shoulders, legs, back, sides, and haunches, while their head, throat, and chest have small black spots. Meanwhile, their belly is whitish, with large black blotches.Their legs are somewhat longer than other leopard subspecies. Thick fur is distinctive of this species as well. These are adaptations to cold, snowy winters.

Status in the Wild

Listed as “critically endangered" on the IUCN Red List (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources).

Conservation Programs
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