Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

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Quick Facts
Body Length: 31"-37", Wingspan: 70"-90"
Height: 2.5'-3'
Weight: 8-14 lbs
Distribution: Throughout North America from the edge of the tundra/forest line in Alaska and Canada south to the Gulf of Mexico and into Northern Mexico
Habitat: Coasts, rivers, large lakes, mountains

The mature bald eagle has a white head and tail. Young year eagles are dark in color; they do not get their white head and tail until they reach adulthood at 4 to 5 years. Bald eagles have bright yellow eyes. Their feet have 4 toes with talons; three point forward and one points back. The beak has a hook and is 4" long.

Status in the Wild

Listed as of "least concern" on the IUCN Red List (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources).

Conservation Programs
  • Past declines in the bald eagle population were due in large part to shooting, pesticides, human encroachment, and a slow breeding rate. They are protected by the Migratory Bird Act and the Eagle Protection Act.
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